India generates about 60 million tonnes of trash every year. Ten million tonnes of garbage is generated in just the metropolitan cities and Delhi tops the list with 3.3 Million tonnes per year. The landfills of most of these metros are already overflowing, with no space to accommodate fresh garbage waste. Delhi generates approximately 9000 metric tonnes of solid waste, which is dumped into four major landfill sites. Three of the four landfills in Delhi should have stopped being used between 2005 and 2009. Delhi’s four landfill sites extend over 164 acres, when the current requirement is nearly four times the available area: 650 acres, according to a 2011 report by the Central Pollution Control Board. According to Centre of Science and Environment, instead of constructing new landfill sites, the government should be looking into innovative methods to dispose and recycle its waste.
Even if people learn to dump their garbage at the dhalao (a small garbage dump typically servicing streets of Delhi), emptying these dhalao and transporting the garbage to landfill sites located at one end of the city, day after day, still remains a big issue, since there is barely any space left in landfills.
A decentralised in situ community level solid waste management system hence seems to be the appropriate solution to overflowing landfills in India. This is precisely the CREDAI Clean City Movement (CCCM) model. It is no small wonder, therefore, that the CCCM finds mention in the Manual of Waste Management published by the Ministry of Urban development as the most replicable model for handling domestic waste.